I once had a student describe being a biology major as, “learning the same thing every year, but in more and more detail.” You learn in bio 101 that A is absorbed by B. In the next class you learn the mechanics of how A is absorbed by B. And so on.
Astronomy is a field that relies on measurements as well. Galileo used a “spyglass” and discovered the moons of Jupiter. We have been observing the moons of Jupiter more closely ever since with better telescopes, radar and other methods of measurement that were unknown to Galileo, and finally spaceships.
This year is the fifth year that I have engaged in trying to find a book in the mess of my life. I have narrowed down the story, and I am extracting scenes from the tangle. I am polishing and refining. And I am observing things in ever more detail. My questions are better. Why did this happen and why did that happen? I am questioning, examining, magnifying, studying mechanisms of self, family, and culture.
It might take radar or a fine observation of radio waves to get this done, but by god I will get this done.
How do you measure?